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12 Biology

Year 12 Biology

Year 12: Biology 

This guide supports your assessment tasks' Outcomes to develop skills in applying the processes of Working Scientifically

  • BIO11/12-3 conducts investigations to collect valid and reliable primary and secondary data and information. 
  • BIO11/12-5 analyses and evaluates primary and secondary data and information 
  • BIO11/12-6 solves scientific problems using primary and secondary data, critical thinking skills and scientific processes 

Please ask or email Mrs Keighery for individual assistance. 

Secondary Sources: Reference encyclopedia

Secondary Sources: Academic journals or magazines 

Articles from periodical or journals is referred to as 'Journal literature' and it's the primary source of information for the Sciences. Journal articles provide valid, reliable and up-to-date information on your topic.

Use Science in Context to find academic journal articles. 

Secondary Sources

Resources at Willoughby Library

catalogue   |   online databases
  • Use the catalogue to find books. 
  • Recommended databases: Science Reference Centre, Academic Search Premier (multi-disciplinary) Australian & NZ Reference Centre ( local news and content, multi-disciplinary), Credo (reference books).
  • Use eResources link to access State Library of NSW databases: Cambridge Histories, Cambridge Campanion, Gale Primary Sources and Proquest Research Library

Search Google Scholar


  • Google Scholar is an immense database of scholarly literature and includes the free version PUBMED of the major medical database Medline. 
  • Search Google Scholar after you have refined your search and are looking for specific information.