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12 Contestability of the Past


The Footnoting method of in-text reference has been specified for your assessment task.

In this system a small superscript number is placed in the text to indicate the source of your information or ideas. Corresponding to this brief in-text notation is the full reference given at the "foot" of the page. A bibliography of all your sources is placed at the end of your report. Use Citemaker to create full citations in the APA 6th edition format. 

 Word processing software makes footnoting very easy to do. Watch this video I created on how to footnote.

Information on the Citation Footnote below is drawn from Victoria University website. 

The Footnote citation

Making footnotes is commonly known as the Notation or Oxford style of in-text referencing.

To make an in-text citation a superscript number is inserted at the point in your essay where you cite another author's work. At the bottom of the same page  ( foot of the page) the superscript number is used to link to the full details of the author's work cited. 

Footnote Example:

... was by no means the first to make this classical connection. As Dr. Peter Londey says of Bean he
'turned for inspiration to the new, young radical democracy of Athens in the fifth century BC'.1 Yet an
early report of the Gallipoli landing indicated that the strain of the battle caused discipline to break
down and for many soldiers to 'lose they way'.In the intervening years public opinion has oscillated
between these two points of view, remaining steadfastly 'pro ANZAC' until the end of the 1950s,3 then
anti-war during the 1960s and 1970s, 'settling in the last decade to somewhere in the middleground'.4

At the foot of the page: 


P. Londey, 'A Possession Forever: Charles Bean, the Ancient Greeks, and Military Commemoration  
in Australia', Australian Journal of Politics and History, vol. 53, no. 3, 2007, p. 345.
M. Lake and H. Reynolds, What's Wrong with ANZAC?: The Militisation of Australian History, Sydney, University of New South Wales Press, 2010, p. 8.
Londey, 'A Possession Forever', p. 352.
Lake and Reynolds, What's Wrong with ANZAC?, p. 38.

Explanatory Note:

  • In the above example,  The full details of the work are give in the first footnote and then in subsequent footnotes, the shortened format of: author surname, abbreviated title (i.e. no subtitle), and the page number. See footnotes 3 and 4 in the example above for the shortened footnote format.
  • Always include the full details of the work in your Bibliography or Reference List.
  • In the footnote citation, the author's Firstname initial is given first rather than the surname in APA 6th edition style. If you create your Bibliography list in APA 6th edition, you'll need reverse the author surname and firstname for your footnote citation.